ISO International Standard

Petroleum products — Determination of water — Coulometric Karl Fischer titration method

This International Standard specifies a method for the direct determination of water in petroleum products boiling

below 390 °C. It covers the mass fraction range 0,003 % (m/m) to 0,100%(m/m). It is not applicable to products

containing ketones or to residual fuel oils.

This International Standard may be applicable to lubricating base oils. However, the precision has not been

established for these materials.

The precision given in clause 12 is based upon data obtained using dual-cell, dual-electrolyte systems.

NOTE 1 A number of substances and classes of compounds associated with condensation or oxidation-reduction reactions

interfere in the determination of water by Karl Fischer titration. In petroleum products, the most common interferences are

hydrogen sulfide and mercaptan sulfur, however, mass fractions of these below 0,003 % (m/m) as sulfur will not cause

significant interference over the range 0,003 % (m/m) to 0,100%(m/m) water. Other organic sulfur compounds commonly

present such as sulfides, disulphides and thiophenes, do not interfere.

NOTE 2 An alternative procedure is provided for information in annex B for the direct determination of water over the range

0,003 % (V/V) to 0,100 % (V/V) in petroleum products. The limitations under which this alternative volume measurement may be

used are listed in annex B.

NOTE 3 For the purposes of this International Standard, the terms “% (m/m)” and “% (V/V)” are used to represent the mass

and volume fraction of a material respectively.

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